Question Answer
India lies in which hemispheres? North-Eastern hemisphere
What is India’s physical position on the map? latitude-wise – 8°4’ N and 37°6’ N vertically longitude-wise-  68°7’ E and 97°25’ E horizontally
What is India’s length from North to South? 3214 Km (vertical length)  
What is India’s length from East to West? 2,933 Km (horizontal length)
India was part of which huge land-mass or super-continent? Gondwanaland
Which is India’s northern-most point? Indira Col (It is situated in Siachen Muztagh area in Karakoram Range of North J&K but disputed by Pakistan)
Which is India’s southern-most point? Indira Point (southern point of the Greater Nicobar island in Andaman & Nicobar.
Which is the southern-most point of the Indian mainland? Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin in Tamil Nadu)
What was the old name of Indira Point? Pygmalion Point (Another old name of this spot was Parsons Point)
Which is India’s western-most point? Guhar Moti (in Gujarat’s Kutchh area)
Which is India’s eastern-most point?Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh (This however, is disputed by China)
Which is the lowest point in India? Kuttanad in Kerala (Kuttanad is situated about 2.2 m below sea level)
What is length of India’s land frontier? 15,200 Km
What is the length of India’s coastline (excluding islands like Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep and some other small islands)?6,100 Km (approx.)
What is the length of India’s coastline (including all of its islands)?7,516 Km
India has how many neighbouring countries at present?8 (Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka)
McMahon Line separates India from which country? China
Radcliffe Line separates India from which country?Pakistan
Sir Creek Line separates India from which country? Pakistan (at the Rann of Kutchh)  
The Palk Strait lies between India and –Sri Lanka (It separates India from Sri Lanka)
India shares longest land boundary with which of its neighbours?Bangladesh  
India shares shortest land boundary with which of its neighbors?Afghanistan
Which bay lies towards India’s East?Bay of Bengal
Which sea lies towards India’s West?Arabian Sea
Which ocean lies towards India’s South?Indian Ocean
Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean meet at which point of India? Cape Comorin (Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu)
What is rank of Indian Ocean among oceans of the world in terms of expanse (area)?Third (It is the third largest ocean after Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean)
Which strait is said to separate Bay of Bengal from Arabian Sea?Palk Strait
India’s largest union territory Andaman & Nicobar is situated inBay of Bengal
India’s smallest union territory Lakshadweep is situated inArabian Sea
What is India’s area in sq. km?32,87,263 sq. km.
Total area of India constitutes how much part of total world area?About 2.5 %
Indian population constitutes how much in the total world populace?17 per cent (approx.)
How many states and union territories are there in India at present?28 states and 8 union territories
Tropic of Cancer passes (23.5 degree) through how many states of India?Eight (It passes through Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram)  
Which is the closest country from Andaman & Nicobar Islands?Indonesia
Which is India’s tallest peak?Godwin Austin or the K-2, (8611 m) on Karakoram Range
Indian Standard Time (IST)The 82030′ E longitude, passes through middle of India (from Naini, Near Allahabad)

Note:- Karakoram Range in Jammu & Kashmir. This peak however falls in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) and therefore Kanchenjunga Peak (8598 m) Sikkim is India’s tallest peak, where India has its administrative control also.

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